第一部社会发展史The social history of the development of the first
中国第一部社会发展史是蔡和森 著的《社会进化史》，现被作为一级革 命文物收載在中国革命博物馆里， 1923年，国共两党在上海共同创 办了上海大学，以培养革命人材。蔡 和森担任社会科学系教授,《社会进化 史》原来就是蔡和森的课堂讲义。《社会进化史》约B万字，共分 四个部分。一、“绪论 ‘ 讲“有史以前人类演进之程序”;二、“家族的起 源与进化”，阐明家族的发展随着生产 的发展而变化;三、“财产之起源与进 化’ 阐明随着生产力的发展，开始产 生了个人财产和私有制，后逐步发展 为资本主义，发展为共产主义。四、 “国家的起源与进化”，阐明由于私有 制的产生，出现了阶级，氏族制度遂 为阶级压迫的工具一一国家所代替。China's first social development history is Cai Hesen's "social history", is as a level ofrevolutionary cultural relics collected in the Museum of the Chinese revolution, in 1923, the Kuomintang and the Communist Party in Shanghai jointly founded theShanghai Univer, to foster revolutionary talents. Cai Hesen is a professor at theDepartment of Social Sciences, "the developmental history of the society" is the original Cai Hesen's lecture notes. "Social history" about B million words, is divided into four parts. One, "Introduction" speak "ever in the history of human evolutionprocedures"; two, "family of origin and evolution, that family development and changewith the development of production; three," property of the origin and evolution of 'clarify with the development of productive forces, began to produce personal propertyand private ownership. After the progressive development of capitalism, the development of communism. Four, "the state of origin and evolution of" elucidated due to the generation of private ownership, the class, the clan system was replaced as a tool of class oppression in one one countries.
这部著作善于从马克思主义经典 著作中归纳出基本原理;坚持唯物史 观，坚持群众是历史的创造者的观点t 从总结中国历史经验和从当时的阶级 斗争的实际情况出发，指氐世界革命 及中国革命的必由之路， 这部书从1924年8月初版后，到年先后再版五次，流传颇广，影 响很大，在大革命高潮时期，被各地 农民运动讲习所和不少党的基层组织 列为教材和学习读物，现在此书巳收 入人民出版社出版的《蔡和森文集》This book is good at sums up the basic principles from Marx's classic works; adhering to historical materialism, adhere to the masses are the creator of history view t fromsumming up the experience and the actual situation of Chinese history from the time of the class struggle as the starting point, the only way to refer to di world revolutionand the Chinese revolution, the book from 1924 8 early version the years, five reprint,popular and great effect in the great revolution climax period, was classified as ateaching and learning reading around the peasant movement workshops and a lot ofbasic level organization of the party, the collected works of Cai Hesen now the bookhas income people press publishs ""(责任编辑：最有料)